Dry Season Rice Farming In Nigeria
Tips on how to start dry season rice farming in Nigeria and how to select good variety of rice to grow on your farm. Rice is natural grow on swampy areas.
Do you know you can make millions of naira when you engage yourself into this business? Are you looking for the following; land preparation for rice planting, how to grow rice during dry season, environment that can enhance grow dry this period, e.t.c..
How To Start Dry Season Rice Farming
Before you begin rice farming, you have to put these important things into consideration
1. Type of land/water content of the land: look for clay soil, it is only clay soil that have highest water retention amongst other types of soil. Alternatively, you can equally make use of any kind of water supply (irrigation) to the farm land if the soil selected have low water content or during dry season.
2. Cost of production: The cost of buying seedlings, fertilizer and manpower is the next thing to bear in mind. Look for high quality seedlings (Faro 38 (IRAT 133), FARO 39 (IRAT 144), FARO 45 (ITA 257), FARO 46 (ITA 150)). that can have rapid growth rate and mature at due time.
3. Weeding: This is an act of removing weeds on the farm, unwanted plants are removed so that rice plant can have enough required nutrients for their growth.
Rice Seedlings Planting
Rice farming requires plenty of water, Unless you have plans to irrigate your farm, you should till and irrigate your farm land during dry season before planting .
Rice is possibly planted in two different ways
You can prepare a nursery bed and plant the rice seedlings in a nursery until they germinate. To do this, you must solarize the soil of the nursery before planting. Soil solarization involves heating the soil by covering it with a transparent polyethylene to control soil borne diseases. After 3 to 4 weeks you can now transplant the germinated rice from the nursery to the farmland.
Another way is to plant the seeds directly in the tilled land. However, you should note that rice germinated in a nursery tend to have higher yield and resistance to disease as compared to rice planted directly on the farm.
Harvesting of Ripe Rice
After about 4-6 months from planting period, the rice will be ready for harvest. To know when rice is ripe, you recognize this when the rice plants change color from green to yellow color. It is best to start harvesting as soon as they reach maturity to avoid birds or pest destruction. Harvesting could be done mechanically with the use of machines, or by manual labor depending on the size of the farm.